You may be wondering how many different types of pig breeds are available for the pig farming business. Truly, you are not alone in this research.
Out of curiosity, I launched out to get details of as many pig breeds as I can find. This article is the outcome of the research.
Having knowledge of the different pig breeds available will position you to make a better decision on what pig breed to rear.
Some pig breeds are best for ham and bacon, while others are for medical experiments. There are some breeds that are very rare and there are others that are very rampant.
This article will expose you to the different types of domestic pig breeds with their pictures and their individual characteristics.
Just in case you are yet to do so, you should read “How to start a pig farming business” for more insight into pig farming.
What are pig breeds?
A pig breed refers to the grouping of domestic pigs according to specific features unique to them.
The features include having a homogeneous appearance (phenotype), and homogeneous behavior.
Although, there may be other characteristics that distinguish them from other pigs.
How many types of pig breeds are there?
There are quite a large number of different domestic pig breeds (Sus scrofa domesticus) available around the world.
Interestingly, researchers are developing more breeds to meet pig farmers’ pork production needs.
These new pig breeds are known as hybrid, crossbreed, or improved breeds, having parents of two or more different pig breeds.
How to produce pig crossbreeds
A pig crossbreed is a type of pig breed that comes from mating two different pure breeds thereby introducing into the offspring a gene combination that is different from that existing in the breed of either parent.
Cross-breeding can involve two or more pure breeds, depending on the result you desire.
The main purpose of cross-breeding domestic pig breeds is to take advantage of the improvement in the performance of the descendants of the pigs above that of either parent.
Crossbred pigs have some advantages over purebred pigs because of a genetic phenomenon called heterosis (also known as hybrid vigor).
To produce a good quality crossbreed pig, the parents of the hybrid pig must come from two different pure breeds.
For example, you can cross a pure-breed female Hampshire and a pure-breed male Duroc to produce an improved breed.
A purebred pig is the type of pig that results from mating two purebreds of the same breed.
The offsprings of purebreds have the same genetic makeup as their parents.
A major objective of pure breeding is to identify and propagate superior genes for use in commercial production primarily in crossbreeding programs as well as to propagate and identify superior females for maintaining valuable genetic material. (source)
Furthermore crossbreeding will not be worthwhile unless superior you make use of purebred pigs.
36 types of pig breeds for the pig farming business
The pig farming business has become a very popular agribusiness throughout the world.
As a result, there are numerous domestic pig breeds available for different purposes.
The table below contains some of the popular domestic pig breeds available for the pig farming business, with pictures.
|Name of pig breeds||Origin||Picture|
|American Yorkshire||United States|
|Arapawa Island pig||New Zealand|
|British Saddleback||United Kingdom|
|Gloucestershire Old Spots||United Kingdom|
|Large Black||United Kingdom|
|Large White||United Kingdom|
|Middle White||United Kingdom|
|Ossabaw Island||Ossabaw Island|
|Oxford Sandy and Black||United Kingdom|
|Red Wattle||United States|
|Wessex Saddleback||United Kingdom|
Credits for types of pig breeds pictures:
https://thepigsite.com, https://thisnzlife.co.nz, https://alchetron.com, https://www.mindenpictures.com, https://www.stuff.co.nz, https://pinterest.com, https://grit.com, https://pixabay.com, https://thatsfarming.com, https://fossilrim.org, https://shutterstock.com
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